International Fuelcellbus Collaborative


The International Fuel Cell Bus Collaborative developed over the past decade through global partnerships across the fuel cell bus community.   The Collaborative includes industry, transit, government and research enterprises all with the goal of progressing fuel cell bus technology towards commercialization.

Did you know:

  • Over 75 fuel cell buses are in operation at more than 25 locations worldwide?
  • Fuel cell buses have accumulated 3 million miles of successful operation.
  • All of these buses combined have emitted zero air polluting emissions!


In 2003, the US Federal Transit Administration (FTA) led an effort to form a Fuel Cell Bus Working Group.  The goals of the group were to:

  • Enhance information sharing regarding fuel cell bus demonstrations worldwide
  • Harmonize data collection and evaluation to maximize possible learnings
  • Facilitate collaboration of research, development, and demonstration of future fuel cell buses


This website is a product of the initial Working Group’s agreement to share fuel cell bus information within the Collaborative in order to accomplish these goals. Since 2003, the FTA, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have facilitated 8 workshops in Portugal, Japan, Canada, Iceland and the US to accomplish these collaborative goals.  These workshops were made possible with additional support from Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), the European Commission, the Flemish Institute for Technological Studies (VITO), and the American Public Transit Association (APTA).

The FTA led early efforts to demonstrate fuel cell propulsion feasibility and proof-of- concept demonstrations in a liquid-fueled fuel cell transit bus development program with Georgetown University. The agency also led a demonstration of three hydrogen fuel cell buses at the Chicago Transit Authority and another demonstration of three different types of fuel cell buses at SunLine Transit Agency.

In 2005, the US Congress passed the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: a Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) and the FTA, under authority of Section 3045 established a National Fuel Cell Bus Technology Development Program (NFCBP). The NFCBP is a targeted, multi-year program to develop and deploy commercially viable fuel cell bus technologies and related infrastructure. The NFCBP designated $49 million in funding for 2006 through 2009.

This first round of NFCBP awards were announced in November 2006. The FTA competitively selected three nonprofit organizations—the Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE), the Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium (NAVC), and WestStart-CALSTART—to administer projects under the program. The projects incorporate multiple drive technologies and configurations, fuel cell power plants in various sizes, and several energy storage technologies.  NFCBP II funding was annouced in late 2010 and the NFCBP III funding was announced in Spring 2012.



The Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE) developed and manages the website on behalf of the FTA’s NFCBP.  In addition to the website CTE also facilitates annual workshops on behalf of the Collaborative.